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How to make a tight wheel at the bike. We described in detail all the actions of the photos.

  1. Seat adjustment
  2. Set the seats in accordance with the required angle.
  3. Steering wheel
  4. How to set the height of the saddle in the cycle track?
  5. Brake adjustment
  6. How to adjust the height of the steering wheel on a trekking bike?
  7. Adjustment of the location of the shifters and brake handles
  8. Suspension fork adjustment
  9. Check before departure
  10. Brake check
  11. Checking the condition of tires
  12. Check bolts and lack of play
  13. Other
  14. Height adjustment
  15. Saddle position
  16. Video

Adjusting the bike is important because correct setting steering, saddles and brakes depends not only on the efficiency and convenience of riding, but often the health and general well-being of the cyclist.

The bike is currently quite popular view transport and there is almost everyone. But often, after buying a bicycle, it is impossible to use it immediately, as the vehicle is not set up under individual characteristics the passenger.

The position of the front seat is determined as follows: if you have foot pedals, sit in the saddle, lean against the wall, put your foot on the pedal and adjust the crank in a horizontal position. The correct preliminary position of the saddle can be seen due to the fact that the plunger coming from the top of the knee of the foot, which is located in front, passes through the pedal axis.

The height of the steering wheels equally reflects appearance the seats. He adjusts the pillows under the rod, the angle of inclination, the angle and height of the rudders and their rotation. Bicycle manufacturers deliberately leave the fork's neck longer and with enough pads, so the rider can find his position and then, if necessary, cut the neck.

Adjusting the parameters of the bike is as follows:

  • Seat adjustment
  • Steering wheel
  • Brake adjustment
  • Manetiki. Brake handles
  • Suspension fork

So, let's proceed to the phased tuning of the bike.

Seat adjustment

First of all, it is necessary to adjust the height, angle of inclination and distance of the saddle to the physiological characteristics of the passenger.

For normal mountain bike , roughly the same height as the rudder, are commonly used. This ensures that the ankle is lightweight enough for easy guidance and good behavior on steep slopes, while the rider is not positioned too far to exit or grip with a turn. And the comfort of sitting is reasonable. A more specific setting already applies to those who live around, it depends on the discipline and driving style.

Recommendations on the vertical, made with the tip of the knee, are somewhat different. You will find that you are going to pass through the pedal shaft, but also claim to be touching the end of the handle. Therefore, position the front seat somewhere in this range.

Many different methods have been developed to determine the correct height of the saddle. The most common and accessible to the ordinary person is the “heel method.” To determine the height of the saddle according to this method it is necessary to do the following manipulations:

  • Put your foot in the heel shoes on the pedal. The pedal must be in the lower position and parallel to the floor.
  • Set the height of the seat so that, in a sitting position, the foot on the pedal is almost fully extended in the knee, but at the same time the pelvis assumes a horizontal position without distortions


Set the height of the seat so that, in a sitting position, the foot on the pedal is almost fully extended in the knee, but at the same time the pelvis assumes a horizontal position without distortions

The seat height can be determined by counting or measuring the angles in the joints. Simple and at the same time quite satisfactory is the setting that allows you to slip on the heels. The leg should not be tense in this position, but slightly bent. It is possible to fine-tune the millimeter.

Straight or raised, the so-called swallows, they are always more or less bent towards the rider, and then upwards. Turning them on the image, these functions are emphasized or suppressed. The decisive factor here is that the ends of the rudders in the collar end in wrists. Although personal preferences do not apply again, it is usually good to choose a slope that leaves the wrists in their natural position without twisting or turning off.

That is, if the leg falls short of the pedal, then the saddle must be lowered, and vice versa, it is strongly bent at the knee - lift. Bike seat height adjustment is adjustable after loosening the seat bolt.

It must be remembered that the seatpost of any bike is marked with the maximum possible removal of the saddle, above which it is not necessary to raise the seat, as this is fraught with breakdowns for the bike and possible injuries for the passenger.

Of course, it is important to set the steering wheel in equestrian position. In the field, however, he has two fairly distant end positions — he sits and then sits behind in more complex sections. That is why regular or athletic racers tune the steering wheel instead of sitting in the seat while the skiers descend closer to each other.

The position of the rudders, the position of the rudders and the focus of the pilot are also related to the adjustment of the brake levers. General guidance: sit in the saddle, grab the steering wheel and stretch your fingers to stretch a straight line. Adjust the levers at this angle. However, there is also a discrepancy between the sitting and the saddle positions. Adjusting the height of the lever is always compromised. Technically, more riders who ride bikes in more demanding places have less inclination than sportsmen or recreational riders.

Tilt the seat. Usually, the seat is installed either parallel to the ground, or slightly lifting the front or back of it up, depending on the individual characteristics of the cyclist. It is necessary to take into account that if the saddle is strongly raised upwards with the front end, then the passenger will roll back when moving, therefore, in order to maintain balance, he will have to use his hands and the press.

It is also important to keep the levers from gripping: during hydraulic disc brakes It is best to control the levers with one finger and as close as possible to the end of the lever. On the one hand, the hand is formed for this position, and the push at this point is most effective. Then the micro-adjustment of the levers of the lever relative to the handle is performed by a small Allen screw or, in the case of a much higher current model, directly using the control wheel. The palm should never have problems with the location of the grip.

As a result of this trip, pain in the muscles of the arms and abdomen may occur. And vice versa, if you raise the back the saddle, the passenger will begin to slide forward already on the bicycle frame, which will also increase the load on his hands and add the possibility of getting unpleasant sensations in the crotch.

Adjusting the distance of the saddle from the steering wheel is as follows:

In general, he should have a relaxed impression. The shoulders are in a natural position, the elbows are slightly bent, not too separately. In this case, the torso of the body tells about sports driving style. For tourism, we would prefer shorter stems.

Set the seats in accordance with the required angle.

However, the position of the rider can also be "illuminated" differently: in accordance with the angle of the fuselage with the plane. The shift position is also related to the position of the brake levers on the steering wheel. Its current dominant form of the toad is used to press the levers to the fingers and wrist, in fact, just like the tilting of the brake levers, except that it is even more frequent, so it is enough to adjust the slope appropriate for this position.

  • Need to loosen seatpost
  • Move the saddle of the bike forward or backward so that knee-joint turned out to be exactly above the pedal axis. The pedal must be in a position parallel to the ground.
  • Secure the seatpost

Proper adjustment of the saddle in terms of height, angle of inclination and distance is very important, since the position incorrect and not suitable for the rider has a significant effect on both the speed and the rider's state of health.

The key to switching control ergonomics is the distance from the levers from the handles. Since the shift lever is mounted only behind the brake levers, efforts to reach the levers can withstand the desired delay of the brake levers from the gripping handles at the end. It is important to note the position of the knob and the knob and correctly select the appropriate position of the gear levers.

As stated in the introduction, if you have pedals, the tread position should be the first step in finding the right seat. As an optimal position for power transmission, it is indicated that when you press a leg in the tread mechanism, the pedal axis is at the widest point of the foot. Then the feet should turn slightly towards the wheel, or the longitudinal axis may be parallel to the axis of the wheel. Of course, on a pedal without a treadmill a racer may slightly change this position in his favor, but adaptation is also possible with pedals.

So, when setting up the saddle, it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the anatomy of the passenger. But you should also take into account the style of riding, for example, when high-speed traffic is justified to lower the position of the saddle than a quiet ride on the highway.

Steering wheel

Steering wheel

Individual fine-tuning in place, but it should not be about extremes. The most common stop settings. The axis of the foot is parallel or almost parallel to the axis of the wheel. Worn banners suggest that something is wrong. For road bikes, this is the same as for what has been written so far; the difference is only due to different designs steering wheels and with them brake levers.

As universal, we can note that when we expand the lower edge of the steering wheel, it should be about 45 ° with the head tube. General long-term driver assistance for the correct height of the brake levers: pull the lower edge of the steering wheels to the bottom of the lever and adjust the height of the lever accordingly.

Steering wheel adjustment is carried out by three parameters: height adjustment, centering relative to the hub, centering relative to the wheel.

Before adjusting the steering wheel height, it is necessary to determine the conditions under which the cyclist is going to ride.

For example, trips on roads should be as comfortable as possible in terms of control over the traffic situation, therefore, the helm height is set so that the cyclist’s back is 30 degrees from the vertical, 45–60 for walking and fitness, and for the elderly and children 60-90 degrees.

Installing the seat and steering wheel at the correct height is the key to a pleasant and, above all, healthy ride. Unfortunately, it is often noticed by cyclists, who at first glance incorrectly adjusted their wheelchair. Sometimes you do not see mistakes in setting up the bike right away, but after a while pain in the knees and back. How to adjust the height of the saddle and steering wheel to ride comfortably and safely?

The appropriate height for the saddle and steering wheel depends on the type of bike. Improper bike tuning can have different effects: if someone has too little saddle, and on the pedals his position is compressed, and almost his knees touch the steering wheel, similar to the younger brother's bike. On the other hand, when the saddle is too high, the foot to reach the pedals must be completely vertical, and this causes excessive muscle tension . Equally often, cyclists have problems adjusting the steering wheel, which can lead to pain in the back, neck, and shoulder.

Usually the steering position is different for different kinds bicycles. So for road bike the steering wheel is mounted above the seat, for hybrid and mountain - on the same level with the saddle, and for speed - below the saddle.

We adjust the height of the saddle after loosening the steering wheel bolt with an Allen key. After we set the steering wheel to the desired height and tighten the bolt.

How to set the height of the saddle in the cycle track?

Learn how to set the height of the saddle and wheel on a bicycle so that the movement was not only pleasant, but also safe. The bike is ideal for leisure as well as for longer trips, so we often see it on the streets. The correct way to install a saddle in this type of bike is a few.

It states that the correct height of the saddle should be 109% of the length of the inner part of the foot - thus, calculating the ideal distance between the upper seat and the center of the pedal axis. We retreat to the wall in the shoes that we ride a bike. Between the legs, we put ourselves, as an analogue of the saddle, of a thin book. He should stick to the crotch - like a saddle. Mark the place where the top edge of the book touches the perineum on the wall - the result is multiplied by 109%. The measurement should be taken several times and averaged.

Not all bike models allow you to customize the steering wheel in a wide range. Such freedom is available mostly for ordinary road bike . If we talk about racing or mountain, then most likely it will be possible to adjust the height within just a few millimeters, which is due to the design of the bike.

The steering wheel is centered relative to the hub in such a way that the biker sitting on the bike has the arm and shoulder in a straight line. If the brush is at an angle to the forearm, then at least fatigue from such a trip is provided to you.

This method was developed by Greg Lemond, one of the winners of the Tour de France. It is also popular and is one of 109% options. First you need to measure the length of the inner leg of the leg - a method known by the method of 109%. The meter should be directed through the pipe line.

For calculations using the Holmes method, a goniometer is used, i.e. device for measuring angles. The Holmes method is considered the most accurate, although initially, if we are used to a lower saddle set, we may feel some discomfort. However, after a week or two of regular driving, it should disappear.

Steering wheel center relative to the wheel. To carry out this adjustment independently does not cause difficulties even for inexperienced users. To do this, stand in front of the bike, clamp front wheel between the knees and, after loosening the mount, center the steering wheel.

Brake adjustment

Bicycle brakes are divided into rim, disc mechanical, hydraulic disc.

A very popular method of tuning a bike that does not require complex calculations. It consists in placing the heel of the foot on the pedal in the lower position, with a straight leg. Set the height of the saddle so that the position of the pelvis is kept in a horizontal position.

How to adjust the height of the steering wheel on a trekking bike?

However, this method is not considered effective. Firstly, since no one is in an upright position, secondly, it does not take into account individual factors, such as different lengths of a person’s legs, thighs and lower legs. Set the height of the saddle to the height of the steering wheel.

The easiest way to adjust rim brakes . First, we check the position of the pads - they should rest on the wheel rim with the entire surface, and in no case touch the tires. The distance from the rim to the pad should not be less than 1 mm and more than 3 mm. Adjustment of the brake pads is made using the hexagon

Adjustment of the location of the shifters and brake handles

Adjustment of the location of the shifters and brake handles

The first factor to consider is the placement of hands on it. In the case of recreational cycling, it’s enough that the angle between the shoulder and the body is less than 90 degrees - it should not be exactly the same as for the results of cycling. The most important thing is the comfort of the rider, and the height of the steering wheel can be like the height of the saddle; later, during the season, you can gradually lower it. The rule is that the more verticals we take, the more comfortable we are.

Another parameter to consider when setting up a bicycle steering wheel is its width. Here again the determinant should be the convenience of a person who will ride a bicycle for many kilometers. It is best to choose a bike with a steering wheel, with which we feel comfortable holding our hands shoulder-width apart. Also, do not forget to set the pens and pens so that they are easy to reach and you do not need to twist your wrists to grab them.

To determine the correct position of the brake handles, you can mentally pull the thread along the handlebars. Handles of brakes are set at an angle of 45 degrees relative to this line, and in such a way that you can reach them with your hand with your middle and index fingers.

Manetka - speed control unit on the steering wheel. It must be placed near the brake levers.

The switching unit itself is desirable to be adjusted once a year by an experienced specialist. This is due to the fact that during operation the chain tends to stretch.

Suspension fork adjustment

Setting up the plug depends on the weight of the rider. You should not make the plug too soft, as with a strong rebound increases the likelihood of damage to the bike.

Check before departure

Every time you are going to ride a bike, you need to check the condition of the vehicle.

Brake check
  • Spin the wheel, first releasing the brake lever. The wheel should spin smoothly and not touch brake pads
  • Inspect the brake pads. They should be located at a distance of 1 to 3 mm from the wheel rim, and close to it the whole plane. In no case should the brake pads touch the tires.
  • Press and release the brake knobs several times. They should not be too soft or too tight, rest on the steering wheel or sink.
  • If hydraulic brakes also inspect cables and shirts.

Checking the condition of tires

Inspect tires for wear. Heavy tire wear often causes the camera to puncture. Worn tires must be replaced on time.

The recommended pressure is indicated on the side of the tires. It is not recommended to exceed it. You need to know that high pressure is necessary for driving on hard and dry surfaces. For trips over snow, sand, clay and slippery roads, low pressure is preferable.

Check bolts and lack of play

Be sure to check that the steering wheel is securely fastened, and steering column did not hang out, that is, had no backlash.

We also check the reliability of the wheel attachment in the forks and the seat in the seatpost.
Ensure that all fastening bolts are tight.
Check gear shift setting

Other

Carefully lubricate all components and mechanisms.
Check the setting of the pedals.
If you have to go in the dark it is necessary to make sure that the lighting system is in good condition.

The bike is ready. Have a nice walk!

Designed for driving off-road, so the designs are made of materials of high strength. For comfortable and comfortable movement is important posture athlete. In this regard, the question of how to raise the steering wheel on a mountain bike worries everyone.

Properly raise the steering wheel on a mountain bike is very important. This is especially true for situations where it has been stored for a long time or. The higher the wheel is raised, the greater the load experienced by the muscles of the rider.

Adjustment options:

  1. A normal or zero position is considered to be flush with the saddle of a bicycle. This position is suitable for unhurried walks.
  2. The position below the saddle and lowers the body of the person makes the pose more streamlined than reduces the resistance of oncoming flows.
  3. The position above the saddle is called high.
  4. Centering . The steering wheel must be in perpendicular position with respect to the front wheel.

Worth knowing! An important factor in height adjustment is the growth of the rider. For people with a height difference of 20-30 cm will require a different height of the steering wheel.

Height adjustment

Important! Adjustment of these parameters is performed for threadless bicycles. Models with a threaded axis are monolithic and only vertical movements are provided.


To change the angle of inclination you need:

  • loosen the fastening bolts;
  • choose the optimal angle of inclination;
  • fasten mount.

An important issue for threadless mounting is takeaway. Mechanics distinguish 3 types:

  1. Vertical. Designed to adjust the height.
  2. Horizontal. Compensates the length of the bike frame
  3. Angular. To install additional accessories and gadgets.

Saddle position

It is worth paying attention to and adjusting the saddle. With the spout of the saddle raised above the measure, the person will fall backwards, with the grip down, slide. The optimal position is necessary to choose, based on the body of a person.


The best option is considered the horizontal position of the saddle. Adjusting the inclination of the saddle horizontally is carried out with the help of nuts that attach it to the frame. Loosening the fixation, selects the most comfortable position. Then in this form, the saddle is fixed with the help of previously weakened mounts.

Important! When adjusting the position of the saddle horizontally, it is assumed that the distance between the elbow and the tips of the fingers should be equal to the gap from the front point of the saddle to the steering wheel.

With the most insignificant skills, it is not difficult to solve the problem of adjusting a bicycle by its own parameters.

Video

Better to understand the question - how to raise the steering wheel on a mountain bike will help video.


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